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USDOT Unveils New National Roadway Safety Strategy

As reported by the AASHTO Journal: https://aashtojournal.org on February 2, 2022 - in News, Transportation

The U.S. Department of Transportation introduced a new comprehensive National Roadway Safety Strategy or NRSS during a press event at the agency’s Washington D.C. headquarters on January 27.

USDOT Secretary Buttigieg (seen above) said during that event that the NRSS provides “concrete steps” for the agency to address an “alarming rise” in roadway fatalities via “systemic changes” to prevent these “tragic and avoidable deaths and serious injuries.”

[Above image via the USDOT]

He added that the NRSS is but the “first step” in working towards USDOT’s long-term goal of reaching zero roadway fatalities.

USDOT Sec. Buttigieg. Photo by USDOT.

“We cannot tolerate the continuing crisis of roadway deaths in America,” Buttigieg said in a separate statement. “These deaths are preventable. We will work with every level of government and industry to deliver results, because every driver, passenger, and pedestrian should be certain that they’re going to arrive at their destination safely, every time.”

Buttigieg made the same points in a speech at the 2021 American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials annual meeting in San Diego that highlighted the impending rollout of the NRSS.

He also referred to AASHTO and state DOTs as the “tip of the spear” in terms of improving highway safety during his remarks at the USDOT’s press event.

USDOT also noted that, as part of the NRSS, it is adopting a “Safe System Approach” to prevent vehicle crashes as well as the fatalities and injuries associated with those crashes.

[Editor’s note: AASHTO’s board of directors has also recognized that a “comprehensive, multidisciplinary, and multi-partner approach” is required to improve roadway safety for all road users in order to reduce roadway fatalities and injuries. That is why it adopted Toward Zero Deaths as its safety plan in 2014; a plan developed with seven other multi-disciplinary organizations that is consistent with the “safe systems” approach USDOT adopted for its NRSS.]

USDOT noted that it would use a five-pronged “safety model” as part of that approach: focusing on safer people, safer roads, safer vehicles, safer speeds and post-crash care.

Some of the key actions USDOT expects to take in regards to the NRSS include:

  • Work with states and localities to build and maintain safer roadway via updates to the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices or MUTCD. [Editor’s note: The Federal Highway Administration has been attempting to update the MUTCD since December 2020, an effort AASHTO and other transportation groups have urged the agency to speed up.]
  • Deploying a national “Complete Streets” initiative to provide technical assistance to communities of all sizes as well as setting lower speed limits. [Several state departments of transportation are already adopting “Complete Streets” plans on their own, such as in California and South Carolina.]
  • Leveraging technology to improve the safety of motor vehicles on our roadways, including new rulemaking to mandate automatic emergency braking and pedestrian automatic emergency braking, while updating to the New Car Assessment Program.
  • Increasing road safety investments via funding from the $1.2 trillion Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act signed into law in November 2021. That law includes a new $6 billion “Safe Streets and Roads for All” program, hundreds of millions for behavioral research and interventions, and $4 billion in additional funding for the Highway Safety Improvement Program.

Polly Trottenberg, USDOT’s deputy secretary, spearheaded development of the NRSS and said it seeks to “focus” all of USDOT’s resources, authorities, and expertise “to combat the tragic number of fatalities and serious injuries we see on U.S. roadways” with help from transportation industry stakeholders.

Photo by AAA

AASHTO expressed its support for the USDOT’s NRSS as state DOTs are also concurrently working to address the “alarming increase” in roadway fatalities over the last two years, according to National Highway Traffic Safety Administration data.

NHTSA noted in October 2021 that an estimated 20,160 people died in motor vehicle crashes in the first half of 2021, up 18.4 percent over 2020. That is largest six-month increase ever recorded in the Fatality Analysis Reporting System’s history, NHTSA noted in a statement at the time, with the agency adding that the total number of projected fatalities is the largest six-month total since 2006.

“The number one priority for state departments of transportation is safety, but even still, we’ve seen an unacceptable increase in roadway fatalities during the pandemic,” said Jim Tymon, AASHTO’s executive director, in a statement.

Jim Tymon

“We welcome the renewed focus that Secretary Buttigieg proposes in the National Roadway Safety Strategy, particularly by more fully implementing proven countermeasures and creating new partnerships for cross-cutting solutions,” he noted.

“We also believe that the increased funding for safety in the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act present opportunities to leverage resources to make a difference in addressing these unacceptable fatalities,” Tymon added. “States stand ready to work with all stakeholders to more holistically and adequately address this crisis.”

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