/ News / European Support Gives Lesotho Lowlands Improved Access to Water

European Support Gives Lesotho Lowlands Improved Access to Water

Parul Dubey on April 26, 2019 - in News, Water


  • EUR 82 million loan from the European Investment Bank (EIB) for Lowlands Water Development Project in western and southern Lesotho.
  • European Union contributes to project with EUR 41 million in grant funding, supporting sustainable development goals.


During a public ceremony in Maseru the European Investment Bank (EIB) signed a EUR 82 million (slightly over 1.3 billion Lesotho Maloti) loan for the “Lesotho Lowlands Water Development Project – Phase II” (LLWDP II), with the Minister of Finance of Lesotho, Dr. Moeketsi Majoro. The objective of the project is to improve access to clean water in four priority areas of the Lesotho Lowlands. The LLWDP II is the second phase of the Lesotho Lowlands Water Supply Scheme that was conceived with technical assistance from the European Union. Previously, the EIB has also financed the first phase, known as the “Metolong Dam and Water Supply Programme”.

The project will increase the reliable supply of bulk potable water and sanitation services, and strengthen the water authority’s capacity to operate and maintain the infrastructure. The final beneficiaries of the project are Lesotho’s citizens, as the LLWDP II will provide a sustainable water supply service to the population, as well as help service providers to better cope with climate change impacts in the project area. The project supports the UN’s sustainable development goals, the “availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all”.

Lesotho is increasingly feeling the impact of climate change, especially when it comes to extended droughts, as water scarcity constitutes a major barrier to economic development and inclusive growth.” commented EIB Vice-President Ambroise Fayolle. The water development project in the lowlands aims to provide a sustainable water supply for the local population, and is expected to have a positive impact on as many as 300,000 direct beneficiaries, some 15% of the country’s population.”

The Ambassador of the European Union to Lesotho, H.E. Christian Manahl, added that: “Improved access to clean water and sanitation is a pre-requisite for Lesotho’s further socio-economic development. While large quantities of premium water from the country’s highlands are exported to South Africa, and generate revenues for the Government’s budget, too many people and businesses, predominately located in the lowlands, are still struggling with reliable access to clean water and sanitation facilities. This has a negative impact on the health situation in the country but also on attracting investments and creation of jobs. The EU-EIB financing package, a 82 million EIB loan to be blended with a 41 million EU grant, accounts for more than 60% of total project cost, which also includes a World Bank loan.”

Lesotho’s Minister of Finance, Dr Moeketsi Majoro, added: “The project will contribute to the implementation of the Lesotho National Strategic Development Plans 2012/2013 – 2018/2019 that identified the provision of water access in the Lowlands, where about two thirds of the population lives, as a severe problem. The project will enhance the resilience to climate change and will help the Lesotho government achieve the development goals reflected in its “Vision 2020” strategy; to have a healthy and well-developed human resource base by ensuring that all Basotho have access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation.

In practice, the project concerns bulk water infrastructure (river intake, water treatment plant, transmission mains, pumping station and distribution network), low-scale sanitation and hygiene measures, activities and awareness building regarding the reduction of water losses, and Technical Assistance (TA) to support the implementation of the project.

Background information:


The European Investment Bank (EIB) is the long-term lending institution of the European Union owned by its Member States. It makes long-term finance available for sound investment in order to contribute towards EU policy goals. The European Investment Bank has supported transformational investment across Africa for more than 50 years and has operated in the Eswatini since 1978, with a particular focus on agriculture and private sector development, making available over EUR 142 million in financing to support the country’s development. Since the year 2000 the European Investment Bank has provided nearly EUR 85 million for investment in transmission lines, the sugar industry and hydropower in the country. This is the twenty-fourth project the EIB supports in the Kingdom, and the second in support of local smallholder farms.


The European Union (EU) is a unique economic and political union between 28 European countries that together cover much of the continent. Today, the EU has a total population of more than 500 million. Within the EU market, people, goods, services and capital move without any barriers. Euro, which is the single currency adopted by 19 Member States, is used each day by over 300 million people. Main institutions include the European Parliament, the Council of Ministers, and the European Commission. Since the adoption of the Lisbon Treaty in 2009, the EU has a High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security who heads the European External Action Service. With 139 delegations and offices, the European External Action Service is one of the world’s largest diplomatic services. Ms Federica Mogherini is the EU High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.


The Lesotho Lowlands Water Supply Scheme (LLWSS) was conceived more than twenty years ago. The first major investment envisioned under the scheme was the Metolong Dam and Water Supply Program (MDWSP), co-financed by the EIB and for which the main infrastructure has been completed, which already provides safe drinking water to Maseru and other major towns located north and south of the capital city.

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